This documents provides a list of security measures that you should implement to protect your MongoDB installation.
Enable MongoDB authentication and specify the authentication mechanism. You can use the MongoDB authentication mechanism or an existing external framework. Authentication requires that all clients and servers provide valid credentials before they can connect to the system. In clustered deployments, enable authentication for each MongoDB server.
Configure Role-Based Access Control¶
Create roles that define the exact access a set of users needs. Follow a principle of least privilege. Then create users and assign them only the roles they need to perform their operations. A user can be a person or a client application.
Create a user administrator first, then create additional users. Create a unique MongoDB user for each person and application that accesses the system.
Configure MongoDB to use SSL for all incoming and outgoing connections. Use SSL to encrypt communication between mongod and mongos components of a MongoDB client, as well as between all applications and MongoDB.
Limit Network Exposure¶
Ensure that MongoDB runs in a trusted network environment and limit the interfaces on which MongoDB instances listen for incoming connections. Allow only trusted clients to access the network interfaces and ports on which MongoDB instances are available.
Audit System Activity¶
Track access and changes to database configurations and data. MongoDB Enterprise includes a system auditing facility that can record system events (e.g. user operations, connection events) on a MongoDB instance. These audit records permit forensic analysis and allow administrators to verify proper controls.
Encrypt and Protect Data¶
Encrypt MongoDB data on each host using file-system, device, or physical encryption. Protect MongoDB data using file-system permissions. MongoDB data includes data files, configuration files, auditing logs, and key files.
Run MongoDB with a Dedicated User¶
Run MongoDB processes with a dedicated operating system user account. Ensure that the account has permissions to access data but no unnecessary permissions.
See Install MongoDB for more information on running MongoDB.
Run MongoDB with Secure Configuration Options¶
Use only the MongoDB wire protocol on production deployments. Do not enable the following, all of which enable the web server interface: enabled, net.http.JSONPEnabled, and net.http.RESTInterfaceEnabled. Leave these disabled, unless required for backwards compatibility.
Consider Security Standards Compliance¶
For applications requiring HIPAA or PCI-DSS compliance, please refer to the MongoDB Security Reference Architecture to learn more about how you can use the key security capabilities to build compliant application infrastructure.