Install MongoDB on Ubuntu¶
Use this tutorial to install MongoDB on LTS Ubuntu Linux systems from .deb packages. While Ubuntu includes its own MongoDB packages, the official MongoDB packages are generally more up-to-date.
MongoDB only provides packages for long-term support Ubuntu releases. Currently, this means 12.04 LTS (Precise Pangolin) and 14.04 LTS (Trusty Tahr). While the packages may work with other Ubuntu releases, this is not a supported configuration.
MongoDB provides packages of the officially supported MongoDB builds in its own repository. This repository provides the MongoDB distribution in the following packages:
This package is a metapackage that will automatically install the four component packages listed below.
This package contains the mongod daemon and associated configuration and init scripts.
This package contains the mongos daemon.
This package contains the mongo shell.
The mongodb-org package includes various control scripts, including the init script /etc/init.d/mongod. These scripts are used to stop, start, and restart daemon processes.
The package configures MongoDB using the /etc/mongod.conf file in conjunction with the control scripts. See the Configuration File reference for documentation of settings available in the configuration file.
As of version 3.0.3, there are no control scripts for mongos. The mongos process is used only in sharding. You can use the mongod init script to derive your own mongos control script for use in such environments. See the mongos reference for configuration details.
For production deployments, always run MongoDB on 64-bit systems.
You cannot install this package concurrently with the mongodb, mongodb-server, or mongodb-clients packages provided by Ubuntu.
The default /etc/mongod.conf configuration file supplied by the 3.0 series packages has bind_ip set to 127.0.0.1 by default. Modify this setting as needed for your environment before initializing a replica set.
Changed in version 2.6: The package structure and names have changed as of version 2.6. For instructions on installation of an older release, please refer to the documentation for the appropriate version.
Import the public key used by the package management system.¶
The Ubuntu package management tools (i.e. dpkg and apt) ensure package consistency and authenticity by requiring that distributors sign packages with GPG keys. Issue the following command to import the MongoDB public GPG Key:
sudo apt-key adv --keyserver hkp://keyserver.ubuntu.com:80 --recv 7F0CEB10
Create a list file for MongoDB.¶
Create the /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mongodb-org-3.0.list list file using the following command:
echo "deb http://repo.mongodb.org/apt/ubuntu "$(lsb_release -sc)"/mongodb-org/3.0 multiverse" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mongodb-org-3.0.list
Reload local package database.¶
Issue the following command to reload the local package database:
sudo apt-get update
Install the MongoDB packages.¶
You can install either the latest stable version of MongoDB or a specific version of MongoDB.
Install the latest stable version of MongoDB.¶
Issue the following command:
sudo apt-get install -y mongodb-org
Install a specific release of MongoDB.¶
Specify each component package individually and append the version number to the package name, as in the following example:
sudo apt-get install -y mongodb-org=3.0.3 mongodb-org-server=3.0.3 mongodb-org-shell=3.0.3 mongodb-org-mongos=3.0.3 mongodb-org-tools=3.0.3
Pin a specific version of MongoDB.¶
Although you can specify any available version of MongoDB, apt-get will upgrade the packages when a newer version becomes available. To prevent unintended upgrades, pin the package. To pin the version of MongoDB at the currently installed version, issue the following command sequence:
echo "mongodb-org hold" | sudo dpkg --set-selections echo "mongodb-org-server hold" | sudo dpkg --set-selections echo "mongodb-org-shell hold" | sudo dpkg --set-selections echo "mongodb-org-mongos hold" | sudo dpkg --set-selections echo "mongodb-org-tools hold" | sudo dpkg --set-selections
Versions of the MongoDB packages before 2.6 use a different repo location. Refer to the version of the documentation appropriate for your MongoDB version.
The MongoDB instance stores its data files in /var/lib/mongodb and its log files in /var/log/mongodb by default, and runs using the mongodb user account. You can specify alternate log and data file directories in /etc/mongod.conf. See systemLog.path and storage.dbPath for additional information.
If you change the user that runs the MongoDB process, you must modify the access control rights to the /var/lib/mongodb and /var/log/mongodb directories to give this user access to these directories.
Verify that MongoDB has started successfully¶
Verify that the mongod process has started successfully by checking the contents of the log file at /var/log/mongodb/mongod.log for a line reading
[initandlisten] waiting for connections on port <port>
where <port> is the port configured in /etc/mongod.conf, 27017 by default.
Begin using MongoDB.¶
Before deploying MongoDB in a production environment, consider the Production Notes document.
Later, to stop MongoDB, press Control+C in the terminal where the mongod instance is running.
To completely remove MongoDB from a system, you must remove the MongoDB applications themselves, the configuration files, and any directories containing data and logs. The following section guides you through the necessary steps.
This process will completely remove MongoDB, its configuration, and all databases. This process is not reversible, so ensure that all of your configuration and data is backed up before proceeding.
Remove any MongoDB packages that you had previously installed.
sudo apt-get purge mongodb-org*
Remove Data Directories.¶
Remove MongoDB databases and log files.
sudo rm -r /var/log/mongodb sudo rm -r /var/lib/mongodb