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- Install MongoDB on Windows
Install MongoDB on Windows¶
Use this tutorial to install MongoDB on a Windows systems.
Starting in version 2.2, MongoDB does not support Windows XP. Please use a more recent version of Windows to use more recent releases of MongoDB.
If you are running any edition of Windows Server 2008 R2 or Windows 7, please install a hotfix to resolve an issue with memory mapped files on Windows.
On Windows MongoDB requires Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Vista, or later. The .msi installer includes all other software dependencies and will automatically upgrade any older version of MongoDB installed using an .msi file.
Determine which MongoDB build you need.¶
There are three builds of MongoDB for Windows:
MongoDB for Windows 64-bit runs only on Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows 7 64-bit, and newer versions of Windows. This build takes advantage of recent enhancements to the Windows Platform and cannot operate on older versions of Windows.
MongoDB for Windows 32-bit runs on any 32-bit version of Windows newer than Windows Vista. 32-bit versions of MongoDB are only intended for older systems and for use in testing and development systems. 32-bit versions of MongoDB only support databases smaller than 2GB.
MongoDB for Windows 64-bit Legacy runs on Windows Vista, Windows Server 2003, and Windows Server 2008 and does not include recent performance enhancements.
To find which version of Windows you are running, enter the following command in the Command Prompt:
wmic os get osarchitecture
Install MongoDB for Windows.¶
In Windows Explorer, locate the downloaded MongoDB .msi file, which typically is located in the default Downloads folder. Double-click the .msi file. A set of screens will appear to guide you through the installation process.
You may specify an installation directory if you choose the “Custom” installation option. These instructions assume that you have installed MongoDB to C:\mongodb.
MongoDB is self-contained and does not have any other system dependencies. You can run MongoDB from any folder you choose. You may install MongoDB in any folder (e.g. D:\test\mongodb).
You may install MongoDB unattended on Windows from the command line using msiexec.exe.
Install MongoDB for Windows.¶
Open a shell in the directory containing the .msi installation binary of your choice and invoke:
msiexec.exe /q /i mongodb-<version>-signed.msi INSTALLLOCATION="<installation directory>"
By default, this method installs the following MongoDB binaries: mongod.exe, mongo.exe, mongodump.exe, mongorestore.exe, mongoimport.exe, mongoexport.exe, mongostat.exe, and mongotop.exe. You can specify the installation location for the executable by modifying the <installation directory> value. To install specific subsets of the binaries, you may specify an ADDLOCAL argument:
msiexec.exe /q /i mongodb-<version>-signed.msi INSTALLLOCATION="<installation directory>" ADDLOCAL=<binary set(s)>
The <binary set(s)> value is a comma-separated list including one or more of the following:
- Server - includes mongod.exe
- Client - includes mongo.exe
- MonitoringTools - includes mongostat.exe and mongotop.exe
- ImportExportTools - includes mongodump.exe, mongorestore.exe, mongoexport.exe, and mongoimport.exe)
- MiscellaneousTools - includes bsondump.exe, mongofiles.exe, mongooplog.exe, and mongoperf.exe
For instance, to install only the entire set of tools to C:\mongodb, invoke:
msiexec.exe /q /i mongodb-<version>-signed.msi INSTALLLOCATION="C:\mongodb" ADDLOCAL=MonitoringTools,ImportExportTools,MiscellaneousTools
You may also specify ADDLOCAL=ALL to install the complete set of binaries, as in the following:
msiexec.exe /q /i mongodb-<version>-signed.msi INSTALLLOCATION="C:\mongodb" ADDLOCAL=ALL
Do not make mongod.exe visible on public networks without running in “Secure Mode” with the auth setting. MongoDB is designed to be run in trusted environments, and the database does not enable “Secure Mode” by default.
Set up the MongoDB environment.¶
MongoDB requires a data directory to store all data. MongoDB’s default data directory path is \data\db. Create this folder using the following commands from a Command Prompt:
You can specify an alternate path for data files using the --dbpath option to mongod.exe, for example:
C:\mongodb\bin\mongod.exe --dbpath d:\test\mongodb\data
If your path includes spaces, enclose the entire path in double quotes, for example:
C:\mongodb\bin\mongod.exe --dbpath "d:\test\mongo db data"
You may also specify the dbpath in a configuration file.
To start MongoDB, run mongod.exe. For example, from the Command Prompt:
This starts the main MongoDB database process. The waiting for connections message in the console output indicates that the mongod.exe process is running successfully.
Depending on the security level of your system, Windows may pop up a Security Alert dialog box about blocking “some features” of C:\mongodb\bin\mongod.exe from communicating on networks. All users should select Private Networks, such as my home or work network and click Allow access. For additional information on security and MongoDB, please see the Security Documentation.
Manually Create a Windows Service for MongoDB¶
You can set up the MongoDB server as a Windows Service that starts automatically at boot time.
The following procedure assumes you have installed MongoDB using the .msi installer with the path C:\mongodb\.
If you have installed in an alternative directory, you will need to adjust the paths as appropriate.
Create directories for your database and log files:
mkdir c:\data\db mkdir c:\data\log
Create a configuration file.¶
The following creates a configuration file, specifying both the logpath and the dbpath settings in the configuration file:
echo logpath=c:\data\log\mongod.log> "C:\mongodb\mongod.cfg" echo dbpath=c:\data\db>> "C:\mongodb\mongod.cfg"
Create the MongoDB service.¶
Create the MongoDB service.
sc.exe create MongoDB binPath= "\"C:\mongodb\mongod.exe\" --service --config=\"C:\mongodb\mongod.cfg\"" DisplayName= "MongoDB" start= "auto"
sc.exe requires a space between “=” and the configuration values (eg “binPath= ”), and a “\” to escape double quotes.
If successfully created, the following log message will display:
[SC] CreateService SUCCESS
Start the MongoDB service.¶
net start MongoDB
Stop or remove the MongoDB service as needed.¶
To stop the MongoDB service, use the following command:
net stop MongoDB
To remove the MongoDB service, first stop the service and then run the following command:
sc.exe delete MongoDB