OPTIONS

Built-In Roles

MongoDB grants access to data and commands through role-based authorization and provides built-in roles that provide the different levels of access commonly needed in a database system. You can additionally create user-defined roles.

A role grants privileges to perform sets of actions on defined resources. A given role applies to the database on which it is defined and can grant access down to a collection level of granularity.

Each of MongoDB’s built-in roles defines access at the database level for all non-system collections in the role’s database and at the collection level for all system collections.

MongoDB provides the built-in database user and database administration roles on every database. MongoDB provides all other built-in roles only on the admin database.

This section describes the privileges for each built-in role. You can also view the privileges for a built-in role at any time by issuing the rolesInfo command with the showPrivileges and showBuiltinRoles fields both set to true.

Database User Roles

Every database includes the following client roles:

read

Provides the ability to read data on all non-system collections and on the following system collections: system.indexes, system.js, and system.namespaces collections. The role provides read access by granting the following actions:

readWrite

Provides all the privileges of the read role plus ability to modify data on all non-system collections and the system.js collection. The role provides the following actions on those collections:

Database Administration Roles

Every database includes the following database administration roles:

dbAdmin

Provides the following actions on the database’s system.indexes, system.namespaces, and system.profile collections:

Provides the following actions on all non-system collections. This role does not include full read access on non-system collections:

dbOwner

The database owner can perform any administrative action on the database. This role combines the privileges granted by the readWrite, dbAdmin and userAdmin roles.

userAdmin

Provides the ability to create and modify roles and users on the current database. This role also indirectly provides superuser access to either the database or, if scoped to the admin database, the cluster. The userAdmin role allows users to grant any user any privilege, including themselves.

The userAdmin role explicitly provides the following actions:

Cluster Administration Roles

The admin database includes the following roles for administering the whole system rather than just a single database. These roles include but are not limited to replica set and sharded cluster administrative functions.

clusterAdmin

Provides the greatest cluster-management access. This role combines the privileges granted by the clusterManager, clusterMonitor, and hostManager roles. Additionally, the role provides the dropDatabase action.

clusterManager

Provides management and monitoring actions on the cluster. A user with this role can access the config and local databases, which are used in sharding and replication, respectively.

Provides the following actions on the cluster as a whole:

Provides the following actions on all databases in the cluster:

On the config database, provides the following actions on the settings collection:

On the config database, provides the following actions on all configuration collections and on the system.indexes, system.js, and system.namespaces collections:

On the local database, provides the following actions on the replset collection:

clusterMonitor

Provides read-only access to monitoring tools, such as the MongoDB Management Service (MMS) monitoring agent.

Provides the following actions on the cluster as a whole:

Provides the following actions on all databases in the cluster:

Provides the find action on all system.profile collections in the cluster.

Provides the following actions on the config database’s configuration collections and system.indexes, system.js, and system.namespaces collections:

hostManager

Provides the ability to monitor and manager servers.

Provides the following actions on the cluster as a whole:

Provides the following actions on all databases in the cluster:

Backup and Restoration Roles

The admin database includes the following roles for backing up and restoring data:

backup

Provides minimal privileges needed for backing up data. This role provides sufficient privileges to use the MongoDB Management Service (MMS) backup agent, or to use mongodump to back up an entire mongod instance.

Provides the following actions on the mms.backup collection in the admin database:

Provides the listDatabases action on the cluster as a whole.

Provides the find action on the following:

restore

Provides minimal privileges needed for restoring data from backups. This role provides sufficient privileges to use the mongorestore tool to restore an entire mongod instance.

Provides the following actions on all non-system collections and system.js collections in the cluster; on the admin.system.users and admin.system.roles collections in the admin database; and on legacy system.users collections from versions of MongoDB prior to 2.6:

Provides the following additional actions on admin.system.users and legacy system.users collections:

Provides the find action on all the system.namespaces collections in the cluster.

Although, restore includes the ability to modify the documents in the admin.system.users collection using normal modification operations, only modify these data using the user management methods.

All-Database Roles

The admin database provides the following roles that apply to all databases in a mongod instance and are roughly equivalent to their single-database equivalents:

readAnyDatabase

Provides the same read-only permissions as read, except it applies to all databases in the cluster. The role also provides the listDatabases action on the cluster as a whole.

readWriteAnyDatabase

Provides the same read and write permissions as readWrite, except it applies to all databases in the cluster. The role also provides the listDatabases action on the cluster as a whole.

userAdminAnyDatabase

Provides the same access to user administration operations as userAdmin, except it applies to all databases in the cluster. The role also provides the following actions on the cluster as a whole:

The role also provides the following actions on the admin.system.users and admin.system.roles collections on the admin database, and on legacy system.users collections from versions of MongoDB prior to 2.6:

The userAdminAnyDatabase role does not restrict the permissions that a user can grant. As a result, userAdminAnyDatabase users can grant themselves privileges in excess of their current privileges and even can grant themselves all privileges, even though the role does not explicitly authorize privileges beyond user administration. This role is effectively a MongoDB system superuser.

dbAdminAnyDatabase

Provides the same access to database administration operations as dbAdmin, except it applies to all databases in the cluster. The role also provides the listDatabases action on the cluster as a whole.

Superuser Roles

Several roles provide either indirect or direct system-wide superuser access.

The following roles provide the ability to assign any user any privilege on any database, which means that users with one of these roles can assign themselves any privilege on any database:

  • dbOwner role, when scoped to the admin database
  • userAdmin role, when scoped to the admin database
  • userAdminAnyDatabase role

The following role provides full privileges on all resources:

root

Provides access to the operations and all the resources of the readWriteAnyDatabase, dbAdminAnyDatabase, userAdminAnyDatabase and clusterAdmin roles combined.

root does not include the ability to insert data directly into the system.users and system.roles collections in the admin database. Therefore, root is not suitable for restoring data that have these collections with mongorestore. To perform these kinds of restore operations, provision users with the restore role.

Internal Role

__system

MongoDB assigns this role to user objects that represent cluster members, such as replica set members and mongos instances. The role entitles its holder to take any action against any object in the database.

Do not assign this role to user objects representing applications or human administrators, other than in exceptional circumstances.

If you need access to all actions on all resources, for example to run the eval or applyOps commands, do not assign this role. Instead, create a user-defined role that grants anyAction on anyResource and ensure that only the users who needs access to these operations has this access.