OPTIONS

$mod

$mod

Select documents where the value of a field divided by a divisor has the specified remainder (i.e. perform a modulo operation to select documents). To specify a $mod expression, use the following syntax:

{ field: { $mod: [ divisor, remainder ] } }

Changed in version 2.6: The $mod operator errors when passed an array with fewer or more elements. In previous versions, if passed an array with one element, the $mod operator uses 0 as the remainder value, and if passed an array with more than two elements, the $mod ignores all but the first two elements. Previous versions do return an error when passed an empty array. See Not Enough Elements Error and Too Many Elements Error for details.

Examples

Use $mod to Select Documents

Consider a collection inventory with the following documents:

{ "_id" : 1, "item" : "abc123", "qty" : 0 }
{ "_id" : 2, "item" : "xyz123", "qty" : 5 }
{ "_id" : 3, "item" : "ijk123", "qty" : 12 }

Then, the following query selects those documents in the inventory collection where value of the qty field modulo 4 equals 0:

db.inventory.find( { qty: { $mod: [ 4, 0 ] } } )

The query returns the following documents:

{ "_id" : 1, "item" : "abc123", "qty" : 0 }
{ "_id" : 3, "item" : "ijk123", "qty" : 12 }

Not Enough Elements Error

The $mod operator errors when passed an array with fewer than two elements.

Array with Single Element

The following operation incorrectly passes the $mod operator an array that contains a single element:

db.inventory.find( { qty: { $mod: [ 4 ] } } )

The statement results in the following error:

error: {
     "$err" : "bad query: BadValue malformed mod, not enough elements",
     "code" : 16810
}

Changed in version 2.6: In previous versions, if passed an array with one element, the $mod operator uses the specified element as the divisor and 0 as the remainder value.

Empty Array

The following operation incorrectly passes the $mod operator an empty array:

db.inventory.find( { qty: { $mod: [ ] } } )

The statement results in the following error:

error: {
     "$err" : "bad query: BadValue malformed mod, not enough elements",
     "code" : 16810
}

Changed in version 2.6: Previous versions returned the following error:

error: { "$err" : "mod can't be 0", "code" : 10073 }

Too Many Elements Error

The $mod operator errors when passed an array with more than two elements.

For example, the following operation attempts to use the $mod operator with an array that contains four elements:

error: {
     "$err" : "bad query: BadValue malformed mod, too many elements",
     "code" : 16810
}

Changed in version 2.6: In previous versions, if passed an array with more than two elements, the $mod ignores all but the first two elements.