OPTIONS

Access the mongo Shell Help Information

In addition to the documentation in the MongoDB Manual, the mongo shell provides some additional information in its “online” help system. This document provides an overview of accessing this help information.

Command Line Help

To see the list of options and help for starting the mongo shell, use the --help option from the command line:

mongo --help

Shell Help

To see the list of help, in the mongo shell, type help:

help

Database Help

  • To see the list of databases on the server, use the show dbs command:

    show dbs
    

    New in version 2.4: show databases is now an alias for show dbs

  • To see the list of help for methods you can use on the db object, call the db.help() method:

    db.help()
    
  • To see the implementation of a method in the shell, type the db.<method name> without the parenthesis (()), as in the following example which will return the implementation of the method db.addUser():

    db.addUser
    

Collection Help

  • To see the list of collections in the current database, use the show collections command:

    show collections
    
  • To see the help for methods available on the collection objects (e.g. db.<collection>), use the db.<collection>.help() method:

    db.collection.help()
    

    <collection> can be the name of a collection that exists, although you may specify a collection that doesn’t exist.

  • To see the collection method implementation, type the db.<collection>.<method> name without the parenthesis (()), as in the following example which will return the implementation of the save() method:

    db.collection.save
    

Cursor Help

When you perform read operations with the find() method in the mongo shell, you can use various cursor methods to modify the find() behavior and various JavaScript methods to handle the cursor returned from the find() method.

  • To list the available modifier and cursor handling methods, use the db.collection.find().help() command:

    db.collection.find().help()
    

    <collection> can be the name of a collection that exists, although you may specify a collection that doesn’t exist.

  • To see the implementation of the cursor method, type the db.<collection>.find().<method> name without the parenthesis (()), as in the following example which will return the implementation of the toArray() method:

    db.collection.find().toArray
    

Some useful methods for handling cursors are:

  • hasNext() which checks whether the cursor has more documents to return.
  • next() which returns the next document and advances the cursor position forward by one.
  • forEach(<function>) which iterates the whole cursor and applies the <function> to each document returned by the cursor. The <function> expects a single argument which corresponds to the document from each iteration.

For examples on iterating a cursor and retrieving the documents from the cursor, see cursor handling. See also Cursor for all available cursor methods.

Type Help

To get a list of the wrapper classes available in the mongo shell, such as BinData(), type help misc in the mongo shell:

help misc