Install MongoDB Enterprise on Ubuntu


Use this tutorial to install MongoDB Enterprise on Ubuntu Linux systems. The tutorial uses .deb packages to install.


MongoDB provides packages of the officially supported MongoDB Enterprise builds in it’s own repository. This repository provides the MongoDB Enterprise distribution in the following packages:

Control Scripts

The mongodb-enterprise package includes various control scripts, including the init script /etc/rc.d/init.d/mongod.

The package configures MongoDB using the /etc/mongod.conf file in conjunction with the control scripts.

As of version 2.6.3, there are no control scripts for mongos. The mongos process is used only in sharding. You can use the mongod init script to derive your own mongos control script.

Install MongoDB Enterprise


Import the public key used by the package management system.

The Ubuntu package management tools (i.e. dpkg and apt) ensure package consistency and authenticity by requiring that distributors sign packages with GPG keys. Issue the following command to import the MongoDB public GPG Key:

sudo apt-key adv --keyserver hkp://keyserver.ubuntu.com:80 --recv 7F0CEB10

Create a /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mongodb-enterprise.list file for MongoDB.

Create the list file using the following command:

echo 'deb http://repo.mongodb.com/apt/ubuntu precise/mongodb-enterprise/stable multiverse' | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mongodb-enterprise.list

If you’d like to install MongoDB Enterprise packages from a particular release series, such as 2.4 or 2.6, you can specify the release series in the repository configuration. For example, to restrict your system to the 2.6 release series, add the following repository:

echo 'deb http://repo.mongodb.com/apt/ubuntu precise/mongodb-enterprise/2.6 multiverse' | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mongodb-enterprise-2.6.list

Reload local package database.

Issue the following command to reload the local package database:

sudo apt-get update

Install the MongoDB Enterprise packages.

When you install the packages, you choose whether to install the current release or a previous one. This step provides instructions for both.

To install the latest stable version of MongoDB Enterprise, issue the following command:

sudo apt-get install mongodb-enterprise

To install a specific release of MongoDB Enterprise, specify each component package individually and append the version number to the package name, as in the following example that installs the 2.6.1` release of MongoDB Enterprise:

apt-get install mongodb-enterprise=2.6.1 mongodb-enterprise-server=2.6.1 mongodb-enterprise-shell=2.6.1 mongodb-enterprise-mongos=2.6.1 mongodb-enterprise-tools=2.6.1

You can specify any available version of MongoDB Enterprise. However apt-get will upgrade the packages when a newer version becomes available. To prevent unintended upgrades, pin the package. To pin the version of MongoDB Enterprise at the currently installed version, issue the following command sequence:

echo "mongodb-enterprise hold" | sudo dpkg --set-selections
echo "mongodb-enterprise-server hold" | sudo dpkg --set-selections
echo "mongodb-enterprise-shell hold" | sudo dpkg --set-selections
echo "mongodb-enterprise-mongos hold" | sudo dpkg --set-selections
echo "mongodb-enterprise-tools hold" | sudo dpkg --set-selections

Previous versions of MongoDB Enterprise packages use different naming conventions. See the 2.4 version of documentation for more information.

Run MongoDB Enterprise

The MongoDB Enterprise instance stores its data files in /var/lib/mongo and its log files in /var/log/mongo, and runs using the mongod user account. If you change the user that runs the MongoDB process, you must modify the access control rights to the /var/lib/mongo and /var/log/mongo directories.


Start MongoDB.

Issue the following command to start mongod:

sudo service mongod start

Verify that MongoDB has started successfully

Verify that the mongod process has started successfully by checking the contents of the log file at /var/log/mongodb/mongod.log.


Stop MongoDB.

As needed, you can stop the mongod process by issuing the following command:

sudo service mongod stop

Restart MongoDB.

Issue the following command to restart mongod:

sudo service mongod restart

Begin using MongoDB.

To begin using MongoDB, see Getting Started with MongoDB. Also consider the Production Notes document before deploying MongoDB in a production environment.